What Is Capital Of Bulgaria? 

Juliet D'cruz

Updated on:

capital of bulgaria

Are you searching for the capital of Bulgaria, Right? Why are you searching here and there just to read this article till the end? Bulgaria officially called the Republic of Bulgaria, is a small but beautiful country in Southeast Europe. Bulgaria is popular for being one of the oldest countries in Europe. Its diverse landscape boasts mountains, mineral springs, and many UNESCO World Heritage sites. The country Bulgaria is also known for its rose oil, lavender, rakiya, and wine. It familiarized the world with the Cyrillic and yogurt alphabet too. Without further discussion let’s start to know about the capital of Bulgaria. 

What Is The Capital Of Bulgaria? 

The capital of Bulgaria is Sofia. Other than the capital, Sofia is the largest city in Bulgaria. It is located in the center region of the Balkan Peninsula, in the Sofia Basin in the Western Region of Bulgaria. Sofia is the 14th largest city in Europe. The capital has a very strategic position as a city in the middle when we consider the Balkan lands as a country. 

The capital city of Bulgaria, Sofia makes it possible to touch the Adriatic and the Aegean Seas within 1 to 2 hours by land transportation. Besides the two seas, the Black Sea is also quite close. Several rivers and streams pass through and around the city. The most popular of these is the Iskar River. Iskar River is the most visited place by plenty of tourists every year. In Sofia, there are 49 mineral and thermal streams. 

Well, you know what the capital of Bulgaria is. Let’s understand the history of  Sofia, Bulgaria

When Did Sofia Became The Capital Of Bulgaria? 

Sofia became the capital of Bulgaria on 3rd April 1879. The city, Sofia fell to the Turks in 1382, the Ottoman governor of Rumelia took up residence there, and the town gradually acquired a distinctive Oriental appearance. Let’s flashback the history of Sofia, Bulgaria. 

  • During the 14th century, Bulgaria was under Ottoman rule, and in 1382 Sofia was captured by the Ottomans and settled there. 
  • From the 14th century till the end of the 94th century, the city of Sredets remained under the sovereignty of the Ottoman State. 
  • During this Journey, during the 14th century, Sredets was renamed Sofia. 
  • According to the documentation, in the years when the Ottomans conquered the city, it became famous for its beauty and won the great administration of the Ottomans Empire. 
  • During the 2nd World War, the Germans invaded Sofia. 
  • In the last quarter of 1943 and early 1944 Allied aircraft bombed the city. 
  • Fortunately, the Soviet Red Army troops rescued the city in 1944. 

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Sofia, The Capital of Bulgaria Facts. 

Sofia is the 14th largest city in Europe and among the top 5 cities in the Balkan cities. Let’s know some important aspects of the capital city Sofia. 

Area & Population 

The total area of Sofia is around 492 sq km and the population of the city is about 1.23 Million. While Bulgaria population is about 69.3 lakhs as of 2020. The city is situated at an altitude of 500 to 800 meters above sea level. 

Climate & Weather 

Sofia is one of the cities where you can observe snowfall extensively. The average temperature in winter may vary from -5 to 15 degrees C. In the summers the city is quite hot and arid and the average temperature is 24 degrees C. 

Economy & Finance 

The capital city of Bulgari went through an immense transition over the last three decades. It moved from a highly centralized, planned economy to an open, market-based, upper-middle-income economy securely anchored in the European Union. 


In Bulgaria, the popular sport is Football, which is followed by many Bulgarian, currently known as the First Professional Football League, as well as the league of other European countries. 

Places To Visit In Sofia 

The places to visit in Sofia are, 

  • St Alexander Nevsky Cathedral 
  • Borisova Gradina Park 
  • National Palace of Culture 
  • Boyana Church 
  • Church St. George Rotunda 
  • Museum Of History 
  • St Sofia Church 
  • Catedral de Sveta-Nedelya 
  • Vitosha Boulevard 

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Why Bulgaria Capital Is Sofia?

Then conquered by the Bulgarians in the 9th century, then conquered by the Byzantine Empire, then re-claimed by the Bulgarians, and then a stronghold of the Ottoman empire. After Bulgaria gained its independence in the late 19th century, Sofia was chosen as the country’s new capital.

What Is Bulgaria Famous For?

Bulgaria is famous for being one of the oldest countries in Europe. Its diverse landscape boasts mountains, beaches, mineral springs, and many UNESCO World Heritage sites. Bulgaria is also known for its rose oil, lavender, rakiya, and wine. It introduced the world to yogurt and the Cyrillic alphabet too.

Is Bulgaria The Oldest Country In Europe?

What Is the Oldest Country in Europe? Even though there is some debate surrounding the oldest country in Europe, Bulgaria is generally accepted as the oldest country in Europe. In particular, it is the only country that has not changed its name since it was first established.

What Kind Of Country Is Bulgaria?

Parliamentary Republic

Type: Parliamentary Republic. Area: 111,000 km² (42,857 sq. mi.) Terrain: with large mountainous areas, fertile valleys, plains, coastline along the Black Sea.

What Is The Capital Of Bulgaria Today?

Sofia, Bulgaria

Sofia, Bulgaria – Image of the Week – Earth Watching. Sofia is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria.

Is Bulgaria A Rich Or Poor Country?

Bulgaria is an industrialised upper-middle-income country according to the World Bank, and is a member of the European Union (EU), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC).

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Above, you have understood everything about the capital of Bulgaria in detail. The questions regarding Bulgaria are always popping up on the internet. People want to know is Bulgaria in NATO, so the answer is Yes. Is Bulgaria in Europe? Yes, Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe. And the official Bulgaria language is Bulgarian, it is the only official language. Is Bulgaria in Russia? No, Bulgaria is an independent country but it is located on the same continent as Russia. Well, you have understood all about the capital of Bulgaria.   

What country is Bulgaria now

What is the capital of Bulgaria today