capital of iceland

What Is The Capital Of Iceland?

Do you know the capital of Iceland? Here you have an opportunity to know it. Iceland is the most popularly known country located in the North Atlantic Ocean. The country is the most sparsely populated among the other European countries. The country Iceland is famous for its rugged landscape and scenery. It’s a must to book a car rental in Iceland as the country is famous for its rugged landscape and scenery. The Northern Lights, Blue Lagoon, Volcanoes, glaciers, and waterfalls to the list of must-sees. Iceland is known as “the land of fire and ice,” and also the land of light and darkness. It is home to some of the largest glaciers in Europe and some of the world’s most active volcanoes. Without taking more time let’s get started and know about the capital of Iceland

What Is The Capital Of Iceland? 

The capital of Iceland is Reykjavik, which is the biggest city in Iceland. The first settlement in the city was in 874, and the center of Iceland’s economic, cultural, and administrative activities. It is found on the Seltjarnarnes Peninsula, at the southeastern corner of Faxa Bay, in Southwestern Iceland.  

The capital city of Iceland is a vibrant Nordic metropolis with colorful houses and interesting streets, where impressive museums and inspiring galleries unexpectedly pop up next to bakeries and bars. It is unlikely that you will meet anyone who does not enjoy the close, community culture of Reykjavik. 

The capital of Iceland country is famous for having a thriving nightlife scene and for hosting some of the best music festivals in Northern Europe such as Iceland Airwaves. Now that you have an idea about the capital of Iceland, let me tell you more about Reykjavik.   

When Did Reykjavik Became The Capital Of Iceland? 

 Reykjavik became the capital of Iceland in 1918 and of the independent Republic of Iceland in 1944. Reykjavik was founded in 870 and remained a small town and commercial base until the 18th century. In 1786, the city acquired the position of the archdiocese. And in 1843 it became the capital city of the Iceland Parliament and became official in 1918. Let’s know some history of Reykjavik, 

  • Ingolfur Arnason and Hallveig Frooadottir were the first permanent settlers in Iceland and they settled in Reykjavik. 
  • They constructed their home in 874, but choosing Reykjavik was not a random decision. 
  • To decide where he and his family would settle, Ingolfur three his high seat pillars, symbolic of his chieftainship, into the sea, which was dotted with many steaming hot springs. 
  • He named his new home after them, the direct translation of Reykjavik is ‘Smoky Bay’. 
  • In the late Middle Ages and Early Modern Periods, Reykjavik had little presence in the Icelandic state. 
  • The nation went through religious strife throughout this time. 
  • In 1944, Iceland announced its complete independence from Denmark. And then onward, Reykjavik was the official capital of a newly independent Iceland. 

Reykjavik, The Capital of Iceland Facts. 

To know more about Iceland and its capital, you need to go through some important facts regarding Reykjavik. 

Area & Population 

The total area of Reykjavik is about 1,062.2 km sq while the capital of Iceland population is about 232,280 as of 2021. It is one of the largest municipalities, the number decreased only in Hafnarfijarkaupsstaour. The population of Iceland 2022 is 376,248.  

Climate & Weather 

Reykjavik weather or Iceland weather has a climate with subpolar oceanic, with cold winters and very cool cummers.  

Economy & Finance 

In Reykjavik, the pillars of the economy are aluminum smelting, fishing, and tourism. The main material exports of Iceland are aluminum products and fish products and the main service exports are tourism-related services.    


The most played sports in the capital of Iceland are football, basketball, chess, tennis, golf, skiing, handball, athletics, volleyball, snowboarding, ice hockey, swimming, rock climbing, and mountain climbing. 

Places To Visit In Reykjavik 

The places to visit in Reykjavik are, 

  • Perlan 
  • Harpa Reykjavik Concert Hall and Conference 
  • Hallgrimskirkja 
  • National Museum of Iceland 
  • Aurora 
  • CityWalk Reykjavik 
  • Nordic Visitor Tours 
  • 2Go Iceland Travel 
  • Hidden Iceland 

You can search for more information on Snorable


Do People In Iceland Speak English?

English is taught as a second language in Iceland and almost every Icelander speaks the language fluently. And more so, most Icelanders speak several other languages including Danish, German, Spanish and French and welcome the opportunity to practice their language skills.

What Is The Old Name Of Iceland?

Iceland has prominently been called by three names in Latin: Islandia—directly from Icelandic language “Ísland” Snelandia—a Latinization of the more poetic name Snæland. Insula Gardari—literally meaning “Island of Garðar”, compare Garðarshólmi.

What Is Iceland Most Known For?

Iceland is most famous for its rugged landscapes and scenery. The Northern Lights, Blue Lagoon, volcanoes, glaciers, and waterfalls top the list of must-sees. Iceland is also famous for its history and being settled by the Vikings. It is known as “The Land of Fire and Ice” due to its contrasting landscapes.

Is Iceland A Good Place To Live?

Safe and clean
Iceland has an extremely low crime rate, with violent crimes practically non-existent. Icelandic police do not carry guns, and the country tops the IEP’s Global Peace Index. Children play outside unsupervised from an early age, often only returning when their dinner—or curfew starts!


In this article, we have provided you with the capital of Iceland in detail. The first capital of Iceland was also Reykjavik, so there has been no change in the capital since Iceland became independent from Denmark. In Reykjavik, Borgartun street was the center of the financial sector of the Icelandic economic tyranny. Approximately 90% of the homes in the capital are heated only by geothermal energy and 9% are partially heated by renewable energy sources inducing geothermal energy or water power. So, this was all about the capital of Iceland

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